Appendix c

Developing healthy eating habits in early childhood is important for maintaining these habits in adulthood. Apple carbs per serving The best way to get children to eat fruits and vegetables is to offer them often and to be a good role model. Apple cider health benefits Some experts say that it can take 10 to 15 times of being exposed to a new or different food before some children will try it.

Fruits and vegetables have been found to help prevent a number of diseases by providing fiber, essential vitamins and minerals, and other nutrients, including antioxidants.

Apple cider health benefits list More than three-quarters of Americans don’t consume the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables each day. Apple cider juice health benefits Everyone should check out the MyPlate guidelines for the recommended serving sizes.

Normal body functions such as breathing, aging, physical activity, and other lifestyle habits, such as smoking or drinking in excess, produce substances called free radicals that attack healthy cells. Apple cider nutrition facts When our healthy cells are weakened, they become more susceptible to certain diseases such as cardiovascular disease and some cancers. Apple cider vinegar contents Antioxidants help protect healthy cells from the damage caused by free radicals by neutralizing free radicals which are formed when the body cells burn oxygen for energy. Apple cider vinegar health benefits liver They also may boost the immune system, keeping it healthy and reducing the risk for cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. Apple cider vinegar health benefits mayo clinic The antioxidants include vitamins C and E, and carotenoids, which include betacarotene, lycopene, and lutein.

The carotenoids, including beta-carotene, lycopene, and lutein, are “leaders” in the battle against free radicals. Apple cider vinegar health benefits weight loss Red, orange, deep-yellow, and some dark-green leafy vegetables are high in carotenoids. Apple cider vinegar nutrition facts Examples include tomatoes, carrots, sweet potatoes, and broccoli.

Beta-carotene has been shown in some studies to be an effective ally against prostate cancer. Apple cider vinegar nutritional information Men who had the lowest levels of beta-carotene in their blood had the highest risk for prostate cancer. Apple cider vinegar tablets reviews Good sources of beta-carotene are carrots, sweet potatoes, and winter squash.

Lycopene is a carotenoid found in tomatoes, tomato sauce, tomato paste, tomato soup, and ketchup. Apple country animal hospital Other foods such as watermelon and pink grapefruit also provide lycopene but in smaller amounts. Apple country club plaza Studies have shown that lycopene is better absorbed by the body when it’s consumed in processed tomato products or fresh tomatoes cooked in oil rather than from fresh uncooked tomatoes. Apple country farm market It’s believed to be one of the most powerful antioxidants and appears to protect against cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, colon, and rectum. Apple country realty One study showed that women with the highest levels of lycopene in their blood were five times less likely to develop precancerous signs of cervical cancer than women with the lowest levels.

Lutein may decrease the risk of developing macular degeneration of the eye. Apple dietary fiber Macular degeneration afflicts one in three people over age 75. Apple fiber Foods rich in lutein include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, spinach, kale, and egg yolk.

Vitamin E has been demonstrated to affect aging, infertility, heart disease, cancer, and athletic performance. Apple fiber content The prime function of vitamin E is to protect the body from cell damage that can lead to cancer, heart disease, and cataracts as we age. Apple fiber count Vitamin E may work with other antioxidants such as vitamin C to offer protection from some chronic diseases.

This vitamin is found in vegetable oils, margarine, salad dressings, whole-grain products, seeds, nuts, peanut butter, and wheat germ. Apple fiber powder People following a very low-fat diet may need a vitamin E supplement in addition to their diet.

Vitamin C is perhaps the most widely known antioxidant. Apple fruit nutrition Research has shown that vitamin C may lower the risk of developing cataracts and other eye diseases, may help lower blood pressure and cholesterol and prevent heart attacks and stroke. Apple juice nutrition facts People who suffer from asthma, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, and heart disease have lower levels of vitamin C in their blood than nonsufferers do. Apple juice nutrition label Vitamin C is found in citrus fruits and juices, sweet peppers, strawberries, broccoli, and potatoes.

The best way to obtain antioxidants is to eat a balanced diet that includes at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Apple muffins If an individual is on a very lowcalorie or a very low-fat diet, is of childbearing age, or just doesn’t eat right, a multivitamin/mineral supplement may help ensure the benefits of antioxidants. Apple muffins healthy A nutrition expert, a registered dietitian, can help evaluate a person’s diet to determine if any deficiencies occur. Apple muffins with applesauce Antioxidants found in foods are easily destroyed. Apple nutrition To ensure we obtain all we can from our fruits and veggies, we should try to eat unpeeled fruits and veggies when possible (scrubbing the peels first of course) or try to peel as little as possible from produce. Apple nutrition carbs (Did you know the majority of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants are found just under the peel?)

If cooking fruits or veggies, try to cook them as little as possible, as heat destroys some of the nutrients. Apple nutrition chart Try to peel or cut fruits and veggies as close to cooking or serving as possible, as oxygen and light can destroy some of the nutrients (we’ve seen how an apple or a banana turns brown when exposed to air or light).

The following list will provide a quick reference to many antioxidants.

• Foods that are rich sources of beta-carotene include yellow-orange and dark-green leafy vegetables and fruits such as carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce, apricots, cantaloupe, papayas, and peaches.

• Foods that are rich sources of lycopene include tomatoes, tomato paste, tomato sauce, tomato soup, and ketchup.

• Foods that are rich sources of lutein include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, spinach, kale, and egg yolks.

• Foods that are rich sources of vitamin C include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes, green peppers, potatoes, oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, and cantaloupe.

• Foods that are rich sources of vitamin E include whole-grain breads, nuts, seeds, vegetable oils, margarine, and salad dressing.

Read more about antioxidants, free radicals, and their relation to cancer at

A study conducted at Harvard University with over 45,000 men found that eating ten or more servings of tomato products a week was associated with as much as a 34 percent reduction in the risk for prostate cancer.

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