Baguette – wikipedia

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The word “baguette” was not used to refer to a type of bread until 1920, [2] but what is now known as a baguette may have existed well before that date. Banana oatmeal bread The word, derived from the Italian bacchetta, [3] [4] simply means “wand” or “baton”, as in baguette magique (magic wand), baguettes chinoises (chopsticks), or baguette de direction (conductor’s baton).

Though the baguette today is often considered one of the symbols of French culture viewed from abroad, the association of France with long loaves predates any mention of it. Chocolate banana bread recipe Long, if wide, loaves had been made since the time of King Louis XIV, long thin ones since the mid-eighteenth century and by the nineteenth century some were far longer than the baguette: “… loaves of bread six feet long that look like crowbars!” (1862); [5] ” Housemaids were hurrying homewards with their purchases for various Gallic breakfasts, and the long sticks of bread, a yard or two in length, carried under their arms, made an odd impression upon me.” (1898) [6]

A less direct link can be made however with deck ovens, or steam ovens. Recipe for healthy banana bread Deck/steam ovens are a combination of a gas-fired traditional oven and a brick oven, a thick “deck” of stone or firebrick heated by natural gas instead of wood. Soft banana bread recipe The first steam oven was brought (in the early nineteenth century) to Paris by the Austrian officer August Zang, who also introduced Vienna bread ( pain viennois) and the croissant, and whom some French sources thus credit with originating the baguette. Simple moist banana bread recipe [7]

Deck ovens use steam injection, through various methods, to create the proper baguette. 2 banana bread The oven is typically heated to well over 200 °C (390 °F). Easy banana walnut bread The steam allows the crust to expand before setting, thus creating a lighter, airier loaf. Banana bread recipe 3 bananas It also melts the dextrose on the bread’s surface, giving a slightly glazed effect.

An unsourced article in The Economist states that in October 1920 a law prevented bakers from working before 4 a.m., making it impossible to make the traditional, round loaf in time for customers’ breakfasts. Gourmet banana bread The slender baguette, the article claims, solved the problem, because it could be prepared and baked much more rapidly, [8] though France had already had long thin breads for over a century at that point.

The law in question appears to be one from March 1919, though some say it took effect in October 1920:

It is forbidden to employ workers at bread and pastry making between ten in the evening and four in the morning. Banana date bread [9]

The rest of the account remains to be verified, but the use of the word for a long thin bread does appear to be a twentieth century innovation. Organic banana bread Manufacture and styles [ edit ]

The “baguette de tradition francaise” is made from wheat flour, water, yeast, and common salt. Banana bread pudding recipe It does not contain additives, but it may contain up to 2% broad bean flour, up to 0.5% soya flour, and up to 0.3% wheat malt flour. Best banana walnut bread recipe [10]

While a regular baguette is made with a direct addition of baker’s yeast, it is not unusual for artisan-style loaves to be made with a pre-ferment or “poolish”, ” biga” or other bread pre-ferments to increase flavor complexity and other characteristics, as well as the addition of whole-wheat flour, or other grains such as rye.

Baguettes are closely connected to France, though they are made around the world. Banana bread recipe with oil In France, not all long loaves are baguettes; for example, a short, almost rugby ball shaped loaf is a batard (literally, bastard), or a “torpedo loaf” in English; its origin is variously explained, but undocumented. Perfect banana bread recipe Another tubular shaped loaf is known as a flute, also known in the United States as a parisienne. Fat free banana bread Flutes closely resemble baguettes and weigh more or less than these, depending on the region. Bisquick banana bread recipe [ citation needed] A thinner loaf is called a ficelle (string). Bread machine banana bread A short baguette is sometimes known as a baton (stick), or even referred to using the English translation French stick. One banana bread recipe None of these are officially defined, either legally or, for instance, in major dictionaries, any more than the baguette. Banana bread easy moist French breads are also made in forms such as a miche, which is a large pan loaf, and a boule, literally ball in French, a large round loaf. Banana bread recipe best moist Sandwich-sized loaves are sometimes known as demi-baguettes or tiers. Bisquick banana bread In France a baguette must weigh 250 grams (8.75 ounces), a batard 500 grams (17.5 ounces) and a ficelle 100 grams (3.5 ounces). Banana bread ingredients Baguettes, either relatively short single-serving size or cut from a longer loaf, are very often used for sandwiches, usually of the submarine sandwich type, but also panini. Best banana bread recipe ever They are often sliced and served with pate or cheese. Banana bread recipe with sour cream As part of the traditional continental breakfast in France, slices of baguette are spread with butter and jam and dunked in bowls of coffee or hot chocolate. Moist and delicious banana bread In the United States, French bread loaves are sometimes split in half to make French bread pizza.

Baguettes are generally made as partially free-form loaves, with the loaf formed with a series of folding and rolling motions, raised in cloth-lined baskets or in rows on a flour-impregnated towel, called a couche, and baked either directly on the hearth of a deck oven or in special perforated pans designed to hold the shape of the baguette while allowing heat through the perforations. Sugar free banana bread American-style “French bread” is generally much fatter and is not baked in deck ovens, but in convection ovens.

Outside France, baguettes are also made with other doughs. Banana bread recipe sour cream For example, the Vietnamese banh mi uses a high proportion of rice flour, while many North American bakeries make whole wheat, multigrain, and sourdough baguettes alongside French-style loaves. Sour cream banana bread In addition, even classical French-style recipes vary from place to place, with some recipes adding small amounts of milk, butter, sugar, or malt extract, depending on the desired flavour and properties in the final loaf. How to make a banana bread See also [ edit ]

• ^ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=baguette

• ^ Supplement to the Courant, John L. Banana bread with sour cream Boswell, pub, 1862, p. Buttermilk banana bread 45

• ^ Louis Charles Elson, European Reminiscences, Musical and Otherwise: Being the Recollections of the Vacation Tours of a Musician in Various Countries, 1898, p. Betty crocker banana bread 186

• ^ “La baguette parisienne”. Banana bread with buttermilk Lepoint.fr. How to make homemade banana bread 12 March 2009 . Betty crocker banana bread recipe Retrieved 2011-09-17.

• ^ Lynne Olver. Best ever banana bread “Food Timeline FAQs: bread”. Banana bread 1 banana Foodtimeline.org . Banana bread muffin recipe Retrieved 2011-09-17.

• ^ Bulletin des Lois de la Republique Francaise – Nouvelle Serie – Annee 1919 T.XI:241-264 B. Chocolate chip banana nut bread No. Oatmeal banana bread recipe 246 (p.769) – No. Banana bread low fat 13950

• ^ “Detail d’un texte” (in French). Banana bread with applesauce Legifrance.gouv.fr . Chocolate banana bread Retrieved 2011-09-17.

• Child, Julia. Banana bread muffins From Julia Child’s Kitchen. How to cook banana bread New York: Knopf, 1970.

• Child, Julia and Simone Beck. Banana bread sour cream Mastering the Art of French Cooking, vol. Banana pineapple bread 2. 2 loaf banana bread recipe New York: Knopf, 1970.

• Rambali, Paul. Banana bread with chocolate chips Boulangerie. Bananas for banana bread New York: Macmillan, 1994, ISBN 0-02-600865-3.

• Reinhard, Peter. Whole wheat banana bread Crust and Crumb. Banana bread recipe no brown sugar Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 1998, ISBN 1-58008-802-3.

• About the Baguette – an investigation into the origin of the baguette

• How to Make a Basic Baguette – Thorough video demonstrating how to make a basic baguette

• Making traditional French bread: baguettes – Detailed article on how to make traditional baguettes

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