Chow_ salisbury steak _ naval historical foundation

CHOW is a blog and video series exploring the history behind U.S. Easy homemade mac and cheese recipe Navy culinary traditions.

GREASE is the word. Easy homemade dog treats At least when it comes to preparing a staple in the chow halls of the Navy and the middle school cafeteria: Salisbury Steak.

When I was looking for a new food staple for the new CHOW video, my coworker John piped in immediately. Swedish homemade “You should do Salisbury Steak,” he said, “we ate that so much when I was on submarines.” I was intrigued. Homemade meatballs ground beef I ate the meat and gravy concoction throughout my childhood, mostly from the school cafeterias of my youth and loud, greasy spoon diners from my college years.

“I take it you enjoyed it then,” I said.


Homemade meatballs with grape jelly I liked where this was going. Homemade meatballs It may not be as popular as S.O.S., but it’s certainly something that sailors could identify as familiar.

“Oh, GOD NO!” John shot back. Italian homemade bread “We used to call it mystery meat. Italian homemade pasta recipe Towards the end of a cruise, we ended up eating it 3-4 times a week. Italian homemade sausage recipes I can’t touch it now.”

I was sold. Italian homemade company Some call it a hamburger steak. Italian homemade company san francisco Others call it “trail markers.” It’s all chow to me.

The Salisbury Steak has one of the more interesting histories. Italian homemade sf As the Smithsonian pointed out in an article on Civil War health food, the gravy-soaked potteries could be considered one of the earliest versions of a fad diet. Barbecue homemade sauce According to the article, Dr. Pizza homemade sauce recipe J.H. Butter chicken homemade recipe Salisbury was a firm believer that food was a central part of a healthy and balanced diet. Cream of chicken homemade recipe He believed that certain foods could cure illness, with most of the sickness deriving from an individual’s intestines. Kfc chicken homemade recipe A healthy gut was the road to wellness, he would say. Fried chicken homemade recipe He tested his theories during the American Civil War, using chopped meat as the main source of diet. Lasagna homemade recipe In a world where Dr. Soup homemade recipe Atkins would not be born for another seventy years, Salisbury was a trailblazer.

In fact, he was nearly fanatical about the health benefits of a meat-based diet. Chili sauce homemade recipe Fruits and vegetables were considered ailments to a healthy lifestyle and gut health, making your stomach “flabby and baggy.” His devotion to health and wellness was if it came straight out of the “John Harvey Kellogg Battle Creek Sanitarium” playbook. Calories in homemade meatballs After years of research, he published his 1888 book, The Relation of Alimentation and Disease. Easy homemade christmas gifts for kids to make The supposed low-carb, weight loss beef recipe is included in several sections of the book.

In his chapter “Drinks, Food, Baths, Exercise and Clothing Advisable in Consumption,” Dr. Easy homemade christmas gifts for sisters Salisbury explains the health benefits of the original “Salisbury Steak:”

“Eat the muscle pulp of lean beef made into cakes and broiled. Easy homemade christmas gifts for dad This pulp should be as free as possible from connective or glue tissue, fat and cartilage [. Easy homemade christmas gifts for parents .] The pulp should not be pressed too firmly together before broiling, or it will taste livery. Easy homemade christmas gifts made by kids Make the cakes from half an inch to an inch think.”

The original recipe called for the broiled meat patties served with Worcester sauce, mustard, horseradish, or lemon juice.

Somewhere down the line in the following decade, the Salisbury Steak began to gain popularity and started to appear in Navy Cookbooks. Easy homemade christmas gifts in a jar The 1904 Cookbook of the United States Navy lists the dish as a “Hamburger Steak.” The majority of staple ingredients, several added from the original simplicity of J.H. Easy homemade christmas gifts for friends Salisbury, remained unchanged over the years: ground beef, bread crumbs, onions, salt, and pepper. Easy homemade christmas gifts for kids Unlike the original recipe, the one included in the 1904 cookbook called for a gravy made from the beef fat, water, flour, and ketchup. Easy homemade brownies with chocolate chips Once incorporated and thickened, the gravy was spread atop the griddle patties. Easy homemade brownies from scratch This is the more familiar modern interpretation of the classic dish.

The recipe remained relatively unchanged in Navy cookbooks over the years, besides the name. Easy homemade brownies cocoa powder The common saying was that “hamburger steak” sounded too German for Americans during WWI, which prompted people to call it by its originator, hence “Salisbury Steak” became synonymous with a bun-less hamburger.

There are several interesting additions before the famous 1945 recipe. Easy homemade brownies with cocoa The 1932 version, which was the first time the Navy used the term “Salisbury Steak,” called for chopped celery to be added into the ground beef mix and fried in suet. Easy homemade biscuits without baking powder J.H. Easy homemade biscuits without shortening Salisbury would certainly scoff at that.

I decided to use the recipe for “Gribble-Broiled Salisbury Steaks” from the 1945 Cookbook of the United States Navy. Easy homemade biscuits without milk The recipe remained unchanged from the 1944 Cookbook.

(Cookbook of the United States Navy, 1945)As always, I did not intend to make 100 servings of griddle beef for myself. Easy homemade biscuits and gravy I once again used dimensional analysis for a tenth of the order. Easy homemade biscuits from scratch This amount would be perfect if you are making Salisbury Steaks for a large number of people:

I decided to half that recipe. Easy homemade biscuits self rising flour The half recipe of that (serves 5) is as follows:

As far as recipes go, this one is relatively straightforward. Easy homemade biscuits with all purpose flour It is almost like making a bunch of hamburgers for the grill. Easy homemade halloween costumes for couples The only problem I encountered was grating the onion. Easy homemade halloween costumes 2016 You’d be surprised how much onion it takes to get a half cup. Easy homemade halloween costumes for teens By the time I fully shaved off a medium onion, I looked like I had just watched the ending to Steel Magnolias. Easy homemade halloween costumes for kids The smell of onions was overpowering. Easy homemade halloween costumes for adults In fact, my kitchen still reeks of it two days later. Easy homemade halloween costumes for dogs After I had dried my tears, I began assembling the patties, making sure to “mix all ingredients lightly, but thoroughly,” as the instructions from 1945 stated. Easy homemade halloween costumes for men The patties were roughly 3.5 oz. Easy homemade halloween costumes for women each, with a thickness of around one inch.

Unfortunately, I do not own a flat-top griddle, especially for orders exceeding my small family. Easy homemade dog treats with pumpkin After looking online, a simple fry pan sufficed as a substitute. Easy homemade dog treats peanut butter A word of warning, however. Easy homemade dog treats recipes Make sure your pan is nonstick. Easy homemade dog treats for kids to make That will avoid quite a bit of hassle once the cooking is over, as you will see in the demonstration video.

After the meat had been assembled, I began to griddle them off on the frying pan. Easy homemade dog treats peanut butter oatmeal According to the directions, even cooking would cook the steaks for approximately 12 minutes. Easy homemade dog treats with baby food Mine took around 8-10, depending on how many times you wanted to turn the meat. Easy homemade mac and cheese recipe with velveeta The meat patties were often hard to control, most likely due to the inclusion of beef stock into the mixture, which made them very wet. Pizza homemade sauce If you want a more defined steak without the problems in handling, I would suggest a few more bread crumbs.

The other issue was handling the grease. Easy homemade christmas ornaments to make The grease splattered everywhere on a medium-high heat setting. Easy homemade christmas ornaments for kids It made me wonder how the Navy cooks dealt with the extreme heat and grease splatter on large flat top griddles. Easy homemade christmas ornaments for kids to make There was A LOT of grease once the steaks finished, so I had no issue with the two tablespoons needed for the gravy. Easy homemade biscuit recipes The simple solution of fat, flour, and broth made for a gravy with a golden-brown color and pleasing thickness. Easy homemade biscuit recipe without shortening Stir on medium-high heat until it begins to boil lightly, then turn down to a lower setting to simmer and thicken.

Of the three previous CHOW recipes, the steak was by far the most pleasing. Easy homemade biscuit recipe from scratch It brought me back to my younger years, eating the griddled mystery meat with a scoop of mashed potatoes on the side. Vegetable soup homemade recipe The taste of the meat was crisp on the outside, and tender in the middle. French onion soup homemade recipe Although I love the taste of onion, my wife felt it was far too overpowering for her tastes.

The gravy reminded me of the semi-coagulated KFC variety. Chicken soup homemade recipe A far cry from the Navy’s giblet gravy or the kind your mom used to make, but certainly good. Chicken noodle soup homemade recipe All in all, the blend of griddled hamburger and thick gravy made for a “mom’s cooking” feel that many sailors assuredly felt throughout their years eating it in the service.

Nearly 130 years after the publication of his treatise, I think it’s safe to say that J.H. Tomato soup homemade recipe Salisbury was wrong: Salisbury Steak is NOT a health food. Pizza homemade recipe But it is some darn good Navy CHOW.

If you have your own personal stories about Salisbury Steak, please include your story in the comment section below or email Matthew T. How many calories in homemade meatballs Eng at meng@navyhistory.org. Best homemade christmas gifts for dad We would love to include it in the ongoing narrative of the social history of the United States Navy.

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