Different types of dough – sweetalk

Slapped onto a counter or slipped into a pan, dough is a diverse ingredient when baking. Cinnamon roll icing recipe brown sugar For millennia, people have been making simple mixtures of flour, water and fat to build a basic necessity for many of our lives. Homemade cinnamon rolls recipe with cream cheese icing As cultures and people have developed, so have our dough-based recipes. Easy homemade cinnamon rolls recipe no yeast But we have to stop and ask: what is a dough, actually? How many types of dough exist and just how do we describe them?

When does a batter become a dough? Is a dough ever a batter? All questions we’ve asked ourselves while making cookies – which are either referred to as dough or batter-built.


The definition of batter: a mixture consisting chiefly of flour, egg, and milk or water and being thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon.

The definition of dough: a mixture that consists essentially of flour or meal and a liquid (as milk or water) and is stiff enough to knead or roll.

So, for the sake of this article, we’ll stick with covering types of dough that lack eggs and/or that can be kneaded or rolled into shape.

If we want to further subdivide our baking forays, we then go into the types of doughs we can use. Cinnamon roll frosting without cream cheese Traditionally, there are two categories: leavened and unleavened doughs.

Leavened dough is dough that has risen to its final form. Cinnamon bun icing cream cheese Leavened dough achieves this rising through fermentation or the addition of leaveners (like baking soda or baking powder).

Fermented doughs are generally risen using yeast – a powerful activator that eats sugar and spits out gas. Cinnamon roll icing without cream cheese In fermentation, you’ll find two types of processes — the Sponge & Dough method and the Straight Dough Method. Cinnamon roll glaze without cream cheese In the Sponge & Dough method, a sponge is made and allowed to ferment for a period of time, and later added to the rest of the dough’s ingredients. Cinnamon roll glaze cream cheese In the Straight Dough Method, all the ingredients are combined in one mixing session, and then allowed to rise and rest together. Cinnamon roll pancake recipe with cream cheese glaze Examples of fermented doughs include pizzas, pretzels, Beignets and breads of all kinds (including Ciabatta, Focaccia and most rolls.)

Quick doughs rise due to baking soda or baking powder. Cinnamon roll glaze recipe without powdered sugar From our definition above, we’d generally deem these items in the “batter” category.

Unleavened doughs belong to all of those baked treats that don’t rise in the oven (or pot), but rather stay thin or flaky. Cinnamon roll bread recipe without yeast A common unleavened dough in baking is “short dough.” Most short doughs have a high percentage of fat to flour (like you’ll find in pie doughs, for instance.) Other examples of unleavened doughs include tortillas, flatbreads, crackers and pasta.

Pie dough deserves a reference all on its own. Cinnamon swirl bread recipe no yeast Short crust pastry and sweet crust pastry doughs can each be used to make pies. Cinnamon rolls recipe south africa Both contain high amounts of fat, which help the dough get its flaky consistency. Easy cinnamon roll dough recipe Sweet crust pastry is just like short crust pastry, but just has an extra helping of sugar sneaked in. Cinnamon roll recipe without yeast or butter It’s much like our Pure Butter Pie Crustrecipe. Cinnamon roll recipe without buttermilk Some chefs define pie crusts as either flaky or mealy. Cinnamon bread recipe no yeast Flaky crust is used for non-liquid or cooked fillings. Cinnamon bread recipe yeast It’s achieved by keeping your fat pieces larger after combining. Cinnamon raisin bread recipe without yeast Mealy dough is used for pies with a liquid or custard filling. Homemade caramel pecan cinnamon roll recipe It’s more dense, so it can withstand the heavier fillings, and is made by rubbing your fat and flour down to cornmeal-sized pieces.

In the pastry world, the final step of categorization comes down to non-laminated and laminated doughs. Homemade cinnamon roll icing recipe These are often not confined by their leavened state, as a non-laminated or laminated dough can be leavened.

Laminated pastry dough is made by folding a piece of pastry onto itself many times. Easy cinnamon bun recipe homemade In between each layer is a thin slathering of butter. Homemade cinnamon roll waffle recipe This creates a multi-layered and flaky finished dough. Cinnamon roll recipe without yeast or buttermilk Unleavened examples of this kind of dough are puff pastry and phyllo dough. Cinnamon roll recipe no yeast or milk A leavened version is a croissant.

These pastries have dough that has not been folded onto itself many times. Cinnamon roll recipe no yeast or baking powder Unleavened versions of these types of dough include choux (used in profiteroles and eclairs) and pie dough. Simple cinnamon roll recipe A leavened version is brioche.

With all these types of dough, is there one dough to rule them all? That’s entirely up to you. Simple cinnamon roll recipe no yeast With all this dough diversity, there is something for every taste and preference.

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