Fruit wine – wikipedia

Fruit wines are fermented alcoholic beverages made from a variety of base ingredients (other than grapes); they may also have additional flavors taken from fruits, flowers, and herbs. Sloe gin hugh fearnley whittingstall recipe This definition is sometimes broadened to include any fermented alcoholic beverage except beer. Recipe for sloe gin fizz drink For historical reasons, mead, cider, and perry are also excluded from the definition of fruit wine. Recipe for a sloe gin fizz [1] [2]

Fruit wines have traditionally been popular with home winemakers and in areas with cool climates such as North America and Scandinavia; in Africa, India, and the Philippines, wine is made from bananas.

Fruit wines are usually referred to by their main ingredient (e.g., plum wine or elderberry wine) because the usual definition of wine states that it is made from fermented grape juice.

In the European Union, wine is legally defined as the fermented juice of grapes. Recipe for sloe gin or vodka [3]

In the United Kingdom, fruit wine is commonly called country wine; the term should not be conflated with the French term vin de pays, which is grape wine. Sloe berry recipes In British legislation, the term made-wine is used. How to make sloe gin fizz recipe [4] Production [ edit ]

Fruit wine can be made from virtually any plant matter that can be fermented. Damson gin recipe hugh fearnley whittingstall [3] Most fruits and berries have the potential to produce wine. Best sloe gin cocktail recipe There are a number of methods of extracting flavour and juice from the fruits or plants being used, pressing the juice, stewing and fermenting the pulp of the fruits are common. Dried sloe berries gin recipe [5] Few foods other than grapes have the balanced quantities of sugar, acid, tannin, nutritive salts for yeast feeding and water to naturally produce a stable, drinkable wine, so most country wines are adjusted in one or more respects at fermentation. Sloe gin jelly dessert recipe However, some of these products do require the addition of sugar or honey to make them palatable and to increase the alcoholic content (sugar is converted to alcohol in the fermentation). Blackcurrant and sloe gin jam recipe Two commonly produced varieties are elderberry wine and dandelion wine. Mary berry sloe gin recipe Tainted elderberry wine is the beverage used to commit murders in Joseph Kesselring’s play and Frank Capra’s film adaptation Arsenic and Old Lace. Sloe gin fizz recipe uk A wine made from elderberry flowers is called elder blow wine.

The amount of fermentable sugars is often low and needs to be supplemented by a process called chaptalization in order to have sufficient alcohol levels in the finished wine. Damson gin recipe river cottage Sucrose is often added so that there is sufficient sugar to ferment to completion while keeping the level of acidity acceptable. Sloe gin fizz recipe grenadine If the specific gravity of the initial solution is too high, indicating an excess of sugar, water or acidulated water may be added to adjust the specific gravity down to the winemaker’s target range.

Many kinds of fruit have a natural acid content which would be too high to produce a savory and pleasant fruit wine in undiluted form; this can be particularly true, among others, for strawberries, cherries, pineapples, and raspberries. Recipe for sloe gin using dried sloes Therefore, much as to regulate sugar content, the fruit mash is generally topped up with water prior to fermentation to reduce the acidity to pleasant levels. Recipe for sloe gin delia This also dilutes and reduces overall fruit flavor; a loss of flavor can be compensated for by adding sugar again after fermentation which then acts as a flavor enhancer (known as a back-sweetener), while too much acid in the finished wine will always give it undesired harshness and poignancy.

Many fruit wines suffer from a lack of natural yeast nutrients needed to promote or maintain fermentation. Recipe damson gin Winemakers can counter this with the addition of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium available commercially as yeast nutrient. Recipe sloe gin collins In the opinion of one wine writer fruit wines often do not improve with bottle age and are usually meant to be consumed within a year of bottling. Recipe sloe gin jamie oliver [6] Plum wine [ edit ]

Plum liquor, also known as “plum wine”, is popular in both Japan and Korea, and is also produced in China. Damson gin recipe delia smith In China, plum wine is called meijiu (??). Damson gin recipe waitrose Plum wine is normally made with distilled liquor and soaked with plum. Sloe gin cocktail recipes uk The alcohol level is higher than typical fruit wine, which is fermented with just fruits.

Umeshu ( ?? ?) is a Japanese alcoholic drink made by steeping green plums in shochu (??; clear liquor). Sloe gin recipe waitrose It is sweet and smooth. Damson gin recipe bbc A similar liquor in Korea, called maesil-ju ( ???), is marketed under various brand names, including Mae hwa soo, Matchsoon, and Seoljungmae. Kilner sloe gin recipe card Both the Japanese and Korean varieties of plum liquor are available with whole Prunus mume fruits contained in the bottle.

In Taiwan, a popular post-World War II innovation based on Japanese-style plum liquor is wumeijiu (???; smoked plum liquor), which is made by mixing Prunus mume liquor (?? meijiu), Prunus salicina liquor (?? lijiu), and oolong tea liquor.

Another similar drink is plum jerkum, made from fermented plums in a manner similar to the use of apples for cider. Damson gin recipe uk It was often associated with the north Cotswolds [7] and was once a product of the town of Worcester. Recipe for making sloe gin [8] Pineapple wine [ edit ]

Pineapple wine is made from the juice of pineapples. Sloe gin recipe 70cl bottle Fermentation of the pineapple juice takes place in temperature-controlled vats and is stopped at near-dryness. Best recipe for sloe gin The result is a soft, dry, fruit wine with a strong pineapple bouquet. Recipe for sloe gin Pineapple wine is popular in Thailand and other SE Asian countries, where it is made using traditional practices and is not available commercially. Sloe gin fizz recipe [9] In Mexico, fermented pineapple beverages are very popular and given the name Tepache.

Commercial examples from around the world include Maui’s Winery in Hawaii and Jacobs Wines of Nigeria, the first pineapple winery in Africa. Recipe sloe gin It is also made in Dominican Republic by Vinicola Del Norte, its alcohol content is 10%. Best sloe gin recipe Several varieties of pineapple wine are made in Okinawa, Japan, from local produce. Recipe for sloe gin fizz Its alcohol content is 11.5% ABV. Sloe gin recipe 70cl Dandelion wine [ edit ]

Dandelion wine is a fruit wine of moderate alcohol content that is made from dandelion petals and sugar, usually combined with an acid (such as lemon juice) and with wine-making chemicals such as sodium metabisulfite.

While commonly made as a homemade recipe, there are only a handful of wineries that commercially produce Dandelion wine, including Bellview Winery of New Jersey, [10] Breitenbach Winery of Ohio, [11] Hidden Legend Winery of Montana, [12] and Maple River Winery of North Dakota. Sloe berry gin recipe [13] Rose hip wine [ edit ]

Rose hip wine is a fruit wine. Easy sloe gin recipe [14] It can be made from fresh or dried rose hips. Sipsmith sloe gin recipe To produce this beverage, the rose hips are fermented in syrup with yeast and citric acid, creating an extract. Recipe sloe gin fizz This technique is used with only a few other types of fruit wine, including blackthorn (sloe), hawthorn, and rowan.

The best kind of wine produced from rose hips is strong and sweet, with at least two years of storage. Best sloe gin fizz recipe [15] Redcurrant and whitecurrant wines [ edit ]

Redcurrant and whitecurrant fruit wines are beverages that are usually produced in northerly cool areas, where it is hard to grow high-quality grapes. The best sloe gin recipe They are simple to produce. Gordons sloe gin recipe Their natural chemical balances are such that they can be self-clarified without any additional substances. Simple sloe gin recipe Redcurrants and whitecurrants contain only a small amount of carbohydrates; this necessitates the addition of sugar or honey. Make sloe gin recipe [15] Cherry wine [ edit ]

Cherry wine is a type of fruit wine made with cherries, [16] [17] [18] [19] usually tart cherries that provide sufficient acid. Sloe gin recipe gordons [20] Cherry wines can be used to make fortified wines and liqueurs. Dried sloe gin recipe Michigan wine makers, located in the leading tart-cherry-producing region of the United States, produce several varieties of cherry wine, including spiced versions and cherry-grape blends. Kilner sloe gin recipe [21] “Cherry Kijafa” is a fortified fruit wine that is produced in Denmark from cherries with added natural flavors, and usually contains 16% ABV. Sloe gin fizz cocktail recipe [22] Among cherry liqueurs Maraska, a cherry wine made from Marasca cherry from Croatia, is among the best known. Sloe gin recipe sipsmith [23] The last couple of years Fredriksdal Cherry Wine (partly invented by distinguished restaurant owner Jan Friis-Mikkelsen) has been produced in Denmark. Sloe gin recipe almond Having growing international success Frederiksdal’s goal is to make cherry wine of a quality equivalent to wine made from grapes. Sloe gin and tonic recipe [24] See also [ edit ]

• ^ J. Quick sloe gin recipe Robinson (ed) “The Oxford Companion to Wine” Third Edition pg 768 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6

• ^ George, Rosemary (1991). Sloe gin recipe uk The Simon & Schuster Pocket Wine Label Decoder. Sloe gin recipe river cottage Fireside. How to make sloe gin recipe ISBN 978-0-671-72897-7.

• ^ a b G. Sloe gin recipe hugh fearnley whittingstall Harding “A Wine Miscellany” pg 5-9, Clarkson Potter Publishing, New York 2005 ISBN 0-307-34635-8

• ^ “Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979”. Sloe gin recipe jamie oliver Acts of the United Kingdom Parliament. Recipe for sloe gin river cottage 1979 (4). Sloe gin recipe bbc 1979-02-22. Sloe gin fizz drink recipe pp. 1(5) . Sloe gin fizz recipe egg white Retrieved 2008-11-04.

• ^ J. Recipe for sloe gin jamie oliver Robinson (ed) “The Oxford Companion to Wine” Third Edition pg 291 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6

• ^ Greensted, M. Sloe gin jam recipe The arts and crafts movement in the Cotswolds, Sutton, 1996, p.97

• ^ Chanprasartsuk, On-ong, et al. Jamie oliver sloe gin recipe “Autochthonous yeasts associated with mature pineapple fruits, freshly crushed juice and their ferments; and the chemical changes during natural fermentation.” Bioresource technology 101.19 (2010): 7500-7509.

• ^ “Bellview Winery – Dandelion Wine” . Best sloe gin recipe ever Retrieved 2014-03-08.

• ^ “Breitenbach Winery – Dandelion Wine” . Sloe gin ice cream recipe Retrieved 2014-03-08.

• ^ “Hidden Legend Winery – Dandelion Wine” . Bbc sloe gin recipe Retrieved 2014-03-08.

• ^ “Maple River Winery – Dandelion Wine” . Sloe gin jelly recipe Retrieved 2014-03-08.

• ^ “Home winemakers Internet survey (pl)”. Sloe gin hugh fearnley whittingstall recipe . Recipe for sloe gin fizz drink Retrieved 2013-03-26.

• ^ a b Jan Cieslak (1985). Recipe for a sloe gin fizz Domowy wyrob win (pl). Recipe for sloe gin or vodka Wydawnictwo Warta.

• ^ Ann Leighton Early American Gardens: For Meate Or Medicine 1970- Page 95 0870235303 – “Cherry wine is made after the same fashion. Sloe berry recipes But it is a little more troublesome to break the Cherrystones. How to make sloe gin fizz recipe Roger Williams does not say he made wine himself, but Josselyn said, “It was not long before I left the Countrey that I made Cherry wine, …

• ^ Len Hopkins, Margaret Crowther Making Wine with Fruits, Roots & Flowers 1440320349 – 2012 “A good Cherry Wine is smooth and medium-sweet, light but with full Cherry avors. Damson gin recipe hugh fearnley whittingstall The color depends on the type of Cherries used. Best sloe gin cocktail recipe A blend of fruits can be used, or just one type, and you will need to use more Cherries if all are sweet.

• ^ Scott C. Dried sloe berries gin recipe Martin The SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol 2014 1483374386 “As much as grapes can differ from one another, the difference is minute compared to that between grapes and cherries, and so the task of evaluating a cherry wine is tricky. Sloe gin jelly dessert recipe This is where the use of the word wine for fruit-based beverages has …”

• ^ Dominic Rivard The Ultimate Fruit Winemaker’s Guide: The Complete Reference Manual 1441450920 2009 “Cherry wine is a light red to rose, medium bodied wine with strong cherry aromas. Blackcurrant and sloe gin jam recipe It is smooth and full on the taste. Mary berry sloe gin recipe They have a persistent rich berry finish. Sloe gin fizz recipe uk Frozen New York state cherries are used by Nashoba Valley Wineries.”

• ^ “Wines from Cherries and Soft Fruits*” (PDF) . Damson gin recipe river cottage Retrieved 2013-03-26.

• ^ “Wineries, Meaderies, and Hard Cider Producers in Michigan” . Sloe gin fizz recipe grenadine Retrieved 2017-01-15.

• ^ “CocktailDB: The Internet Cocktail Database — Cherry Kijafa” . Recipe for sloe gin using dried sloes Retrieved 2008-03-28.

• ^ Amy Stewart The Drunken Botanist 2013-1616201045 Page 274 “Cherry wine is a wine made from cherries rather than grapes. Recipe for sloe gin delia Maraska cherry wine from Croatia is the best known, and perhaps most authentic, version. Recipe damson gin Guignolet is a French cherry liqueur usually made from the large…”

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