Glycyrrhiza glabra l. _ plants of the world online _ kew science

A member of the pea and bean family (Leguminosae/Fabaceae), Glycyrrhiza glabra is best known for its use in making liquorice-flavoured confectionery. Bulgarian association of food and drink industry Its scientific name is taken from the Greek for sweet root ( glykys, meaning sweet, and rhiza, meaning root). Bulgaria women’s national football team It is cultivated for its rhizomes (underground stems) that contain the compound glycyrrhizin, which is 50 times sweeter than sugar.


A herb belonging to the pea and bean family, liquorice is cultivated for its underground stems that are used to flavour confectionery; it is also valued for its medicinal qualities.

A member of the pea and bean family (Leguminosae/Fabaceae), Glycyrrhiza glabra is best known for its use in making liquorice-flavoured confectionery. Bulgaria prices for food and drink 2012 Its scientific name is taken from the Greek for sweet root ( glykys, meaning sweet, and rhiza, meaning root). Bulgaria national football team results It is cultivated for its rhizomes (underground stems) that contain the compound glycyrrhizin, which is 50 times sweeter than sugar.

Also well-known as a medicinal plant, G. Bulgaria national football team glabra is used in the production of cough mixtures and throat lozenges, as well as an ingredient to mask the unpleasant taste of some medicines. Bulgaria food and drink prices 2015 There are about 20 species in the genus Glycyrrhiza, and many of these are used locally to make liquorice confectionery.

Used as an ingredient in cough mixtures and throat lozenges, Glycyrrhiza glabra has been used to treat sore throats, mouth ulcers, stomach ulcers, inflammatory stomach conditions and indigestion. Bulgaria food and drink prices 2014 It is also used to combat food poisoning in modern Chinese herbalism. Bulgaria food and drink prices Liquorice rhizomes can be chewed or made into tea, which with other anti-spasmodic herbs is often taken for menstrual cramps. Bulgaria food and drink Liquorice is also used as filler in capsules and added to medicines as a sweetener to mask the unpleasant taste of other ingredients Species Profile Geography and distribution

Glycyrrhiza glabra is native to Eurasia, northern Africa and western Asia, where it grows up to 1,200 m above sea level. Best bulgarian restaurants in sofia It has also been introduced to many countries, for example the USA where it is a weed of moist roadside sites. Best bulgarian restaurant sofia Liquorice is also cultivated as a crop plant, particularly in Russia, Spain and the Middle East. Best bulgarian restaurant in london Description

Overview: A sticky, perennial herb with underground stems (rhizomes). Best bulgarian food The hairy stems are upright, growing to about 1 m tall

Leaves:Divided into 9–17 leaflets, held on a leaf stalk 10–20 cm long. What is bulgarian food like The leaflets are arranged in pairs along a central axis, with a single leaflet pointing outwards at the end. What is bulgarian food The leaflets are 2–4 cm long and bear dotted glands on the surface.

Flowers:Light blue to violet (rarely white), 1.0–1.5 cm long and resembling sweet pea flowers in shape. Typical bulgarian food The flowers are held in loose, conical spires, almost as long as the leaves, each consisting of 10 or more individual flowers.

Fruits: Pods (fruits) are reddish-brown, 1–3 cm long and 4–5 mm wide. Traditional bulgarian restaurant sofia Each pod contains 2–5 brown to blackish seeds. Traditional bulgarian food recipes Threats and conservation

Widely distributed in Eurasia, Glycyrrhiza glabra is not considered to be threatened. Traditional bulgarian food Where it is cultivated as a crop, it is normally harvested in a sustainable manner, although there are some concerns that the commercial harvest of rhizomes can be destructive to naturally occurring populations and their habitats. Traditional bulgarian easter food Uses Confectionery

Glycyrrhiza glabra contains the compound glycyrrhizin, which is 50 times sweeter than sugar. Sunny beach bulgaria restaurant prices It was well known by the ancient Greeks and Romans for its sweetness and is still a popular flavouring for confectionery today. Sunny beach bulgaria food prices Cultivated as a crop plant, the underground stems (rhizomes) of G. Sarmi bulgarian food glabra are harvested and the juice extracted before being concentrated by boiling. Sach bulgarian food The solid extract is used in confectionery, such as traditional liquorice sticks and wheels.

Pontefract cakes, or pomfrets, were originally made for their medicinal properties, but later became popular as confectionery; they were produced in Pontefract (Yorkshire, UK) from about 1660 to 1960. Popular bulgarian food Anethole, a compound from the anise plant ( Pimpinella anisum), is often used as flavouring for confectionery in place of, or in addition to, G. Mehanata bulgarian restaurant des plaines glabra extract. Kapama bulgarian food Other uses

Liquorice is used in the production of drinks, for example as an ingredient in many root beers, and some brewers use it to colour stout (a dark beer made using roasted malt or barley).

It is also used in plug tobacco (a form of chewing tobacco), shoe polish and soap and as a fibre for the production of plastics and fibreboard. Forte bulgarian restaurant las vegas Spent liquorice rhizomes (underground stems) are used in fire-extinguishing agents and as compost for growing mushrooms. Food and drink prices in sunny beach bulgaria Millennium Seed Bank: Saving seeds

The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. Famous bulgarian footballers Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault.

Six collections of Glycyrrhiza glabra seeds are held in Kew’s Millennium Seed Bank based at Wakehurst in West Sussex.

See Kew’s Seed Information Database for further information on Glycyrrhiza glabra seeds Cultivation

Liquorice can be propagated by the division of rhizomes (underground stems) in early spring. Famous bulgarian food Care should be taken to ensure each piece of rhizome contains a bud.

Propagation can also be carried out by sowing seed. Buy bulgarian food online Seeds should be pre-soaked in water and sown in the autumn in a greenhouse. Bulgarian traditional food In late spring, plants can be planted out in the open, but care should be taken to protect the new shoots from slugs. Bulgarian street food Alkaline, sandy but moist soil is preferable. Bulgarian restaurants in usa Plant growth is initially slow, but once established the species can become weedy and difficult to remove if not kept under control by regular harvesting.

In commercial situations, the whole plant is dug up after three to five years to harvest the rhizomes, which are cleaned, trimmed, sorted and dried before being pressed into bales for shipping. Bulgarian restaurant shanghai This species at Kew

Pressed and dried specimens of Glycyrrhiza glabra are held in Kew’s Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Bulgarian restaurant penang The details of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew’s Herbarium Catalogue.

Specimens of liquorice roots and stems are held in Kew’s Economic Botany Collection in the Sir Joseph Banks Building, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Bulgarian restaurant nyc Ecology

Dry, open scrubland, damp ditches or near streams; often in soils with high nitrogen content.

Not assessed according to IUCN Red List criteria, but not considered to be threatened.

It has been reported that excessive liquorice consumption can lead to cardiac dysfunction and severe hypertension. Bulgarian restaurant new york Uses

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