Kardzhali – wikipedia

Coordinates: 41°39?N 25°22?E ? / ? 41.650°N 25.367°E ? / 41.650; 25.367 Coordinates: 41°39?N 25°22?E ? / ? 41.650°N 25.367°E ? / 41.650; 25.367

Kardzhali ( Bulgarian: Кърджали, Turkish: K?rcaali; sometimes spelt Kardzali or Kurdzhali) is a town in the Eastern Rhodopes in Bulgaria, centre of Kardzhali Municipality and Kardzhali Province. Bulgaria food and drink The noted Kardzhali Dam is located nearby.

Named after the 14th-century Ottoman conqueror K?rca Ali, [1] from the Turkish name Kirca and the Arabic name Ali, derived from an Arabic root which means “high” or “Elevated”. Best bulgarian restaurants in sofia Geography [ edit ]

Kardzhali is located in the low eastern part of Rhodope Mountains, on both banks of the river Arda between the Kardzhali Reservoir to the west and the Studen Kladenets Reservoir to the east.


Best bulgarian restaurant sofia The town is 260 km (162 mi) southeast of Sofia. Best bulgarian restaurant in london It has a crossroad position from Thrace to the Aegean Sea — part of European transportation route 9, via the Makaza mountain pass. Best bulgarian food Climate [ edit ]

Kardzhali has a Humid subtropical climate ( Cfa) according to the ( Koppen Climate Classification). What is bulgarian food like It is mainly dry all year round with the wettest month being December with just ten days of rainfall. What is bulgarian food The city has hot summers and cold winters. Typical bulgarian food Climate data for Kardzhali (2000–)

The area where the town of Kardzhali is now located has been inhabited since the Neolithic. Traditional bulgarian restaurant sofia Many artifacts, comprising ceramics and primitive tools, have been found during the archaeological excavations. Traditional bulgarian food recipes Most of them are now exhibited in the local historical museum.

Later Thracian tribes settled in the area and developed a highly advanced civilization. Traditional bulgarian food They built many sanctuaries dedicated to the gods of the sun and the earth. Traditional bulgarian easter food Near the village of Nenkovo (northwest of Kardzhali), an artificial cave was found in 2001. Sunny beach bulgaria restaurant prices It has the form of a woman’s womb. Sunny beach bulgaria food prices Exactly at noon, when the sun is highest in the sky, a ray of light comes in through a stone slit forming a falitic shade in the cave. Sarmi bulgarian food According to the Thracian beliefs, this is the conception of the new sun god. Sach bulgarian food This cave is considered a complex astronomic facility (compared to Stonehenge in Great Britain) as the ray of light enters the cave on a single day of the year. Popular bulgarian food [3]

There are many stone castles and palaces that the Thracians built in the region — Perperek, Ustra, Vishegrad. Mehanata bulgarian restaurant des plaines The most magnificent is Perperikon, where a Thracian king resided. Kapama bulgarian food The place has become increasingly popular since the recent archaeological works rendered wealth of artifacts.

During the Byzantine period, Kardzhali was the center of a Christian eparchy — Achridos. Forte bulgarian restaurant las vegas [ citation needed] During the reign of the Bulgarian Empire, Kardzhali was known as Zherkovo [ citation needed] a name that was used by the Bulgarians until the 17th century. Food and drink prices in sunny beach bulgaria The Monastery of John the Precursor (Bulgarian: Йоан Продром or Йоан Предтеча) was built in the 6th-8th centuries and is now a monument of medieval architecture.

A couple of other monasteries were built during this era, with some of them remaining until the early 19th century. Famous bulgarian footballers The area was of strategic importance for the Bulgarian Empire during the Middle Ages and the remains of numerous Medieval fortress scattered on the surrounding hills can still be seen.

The town developed largely due to its position on the trade routes during the period of Ottoman rule. Famous bulgarian food However, it remained a small town. Buy bulgarian food online During the 18th century, Turkish brigands used this remote town as a hideaway and supply point, and the town was later named after their leader K?rca Ali. Bulgarian traditional food The best known of these units was led by Pazvantoglu Osman Pasha, who ruled most of the northeastern Bulgarian lands and the Danube estuary until 1807.

Kardzhali and its neighborhood became part of the autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia under the stipulations of the Berlin Congress of 1878, but, after the reunification of the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia in 1885, it was ceded back to the Ottoman Empire as a township of Gumulcine sanjak in Edirne vilayet. Bulgarian street food Ottoman rule ended during the First Balkan War when the town and the surrounding area were liberated by the Bulgarian General Vasil Delov on 21 October 1912. Bulgarian restaurants in usa The day has been celebrated with concerts and commemorative events as a municipal holiday since 1937. Bulgarian restaurant shanghai Kardzhali was declared the center of Kardzhali Province, when it was created from the most southern part of Stara Zagora Province [4] in 1949. Bulgarian restaurant penang Demographics [ edit ]

According to the 2011 census, Kardzhali has a population of 43,880, while the Kardzhali municipality (which in addition to the city also includes 117 villages) has a population of 67,846. Bulgarian restaurant nyc [5]

During Ottoman rule before 1912 most of the population of the city were Muslims – Turks, Pomaks and Muslim Roma. Bulgarian restaurant new york After the Second Balkan war and the First World War, Bulgarian Christian refugees from Eastern and Western Thrace settled in Kardzhali. Bulgarian restaurant los angeles ca Some Turks immediately moved to the remains of the Ottoman Empire in 1913 in response to the Bulgarian return to their lands. Bulgarian restaurant los angeles Further emigration to Turkey continued between 1913 and 1989. Bulgarian restaurant london This included two emigration waves in the 1930s and 1950s as a result of treaties between Bulgaria and Turkey and most notably in 1989 in response to the state sponsored Revival Process which saw the forced Bulgarisation of ethnic Turks.

After 1990 the deteriorating economic conditions in Bulgaria (and especially the region) during the post-communist transition led to significant emigration by both Bulgarians and Turks, with the Bulgarians moving to other parts of the country or abroad and with the Turks moving mainly to Turkey.

According to the last census in 2011 Kardzhali Province is the Bulgarian province with the highest relative proportion of ethnic Turks, though Kardzhali municipality and the city itself have a lower proportion of ethnic Turks than the rest of the province. Bulgarian restaurant las vegas nv According to the optional question on ethnic identification, the city itself has a Bulgarian majority of 61%, while Turks are 34.9% and others and undeclared are 4.1%. Bulgarian restaurant las vegas The Kardzhali municipality has a Turkish majority of 55.5%, while Bulgarians are 40.5% and others and undeclared are 4%. Bulgarian restaurant in new york [6] In 2001, the population of Kardzhali municipality consisted of 53% Turks, 42% Bulgarians and others and undeclared. Bulgarian restaurant in los angeles [7] The municipal government today is primarily in the hands of the Turkish-dominated Movement for Rights and Freedoms.

In December 1989 and January 1990 there were a series of demonstrations in Kardzhali against the liberalization of anti-Turkish laws. Bulgarian restaurant in des plaines A particular issue of contention was whether Turkish should be taught in state schools as an elective. Bulgarian restaurant in atlanta In response Turkish students boycotted schools until the ban on using their mother tongue was discontinued. Bulgarian restaurant des plaines il Kardzhali

Sources: National Statistical Institute, [8] „citypopulation.de“, [9] „pop-stat.mashke.org“, [10] Bulgarian Academy of Sciences [11]

Formerly Kardzhali was a tobacco processing center, but for economic reasons all of the communist era industrial plants are no longer operative. Bulgarian restaurant des plaines The large deposits of lead and zinc ore in the area once made the town an attractive location for the metallurgy and machine building industry. Bulgarian restaurant chicago However, in 2016 the no-longer-operative large Lead and Zinc Complex near the city met its final end with its two stacks being torn down.

Nowadays retail trade and services constitute the largest share of local production. Bulgarian restaurant boston The abundance of cultural and natural sights in the area also make it a promising area for tourism.

In 2007 in the city were opened hypermarkets of the chains Technomarket, LIDL, Billa and Technopolis and the construction of the city’s new marketplace was complete. Bulgarian restaurant atlanta In 2014 a hypermarket of the chain Kaufland opened too. Bulgarian restaurant However the local economy has stalled. Bulgarian presidential elections 2016 Culture and tourism [ edit ]

Mosque and tombe of the founder of the modern city of K?rcali is situated in the old city near the marketplace.

History Museum of Kardzhali ( Pomerantsev, Moorish Revival, 1910s)

The Thracian town of Perperikon is located near the city on a rock high above the valley. Bulgarian national food It is interesting for the fact that it is cut in the rock.

The monastery from 11th century is located in the Vesselchane Quarter of the town. Bulgarian made cars It was renovated in 2000 and a new bell tower was built. Bulgarian guns [12]

The town clock is unique in Bulgaria because it sounds Bulgarian revolutionary songs every hour.

The Kardzhali Museum of History has one of the most extensive exhibitions in Southern Bulgaria. Bulgarian guitar This includes pre-historic tools and ceramics from the Thracian cities of Perperikon and Tatul, Christian icons and ethnographic exhibits. Bulgarian food uk online It is located in the old konak (the Turkish town-hall built around 1870) with its period exterior architecture.

There are many open-air restaurants, offering a variety of drinks and cocktails in summer time on the dam. Bulgarian food uk It is a popular place among fans of water sports and fishing.

The town has two drama theaters — “Dimitar Dimov” and “Kadrie Lyatifova”, a puppet theater and a museum of history medrese, as well as an art gallery.

5 km (3 mi) from Kardzhali, near the village of Zimzelen, is a small badlands, where a series of white pillars have eroded out of the volcanic tuff which are referred to as the “Kardzhali Pyramids”. Bulgarian food store online Ensembles have been given names based on resemblances. Bulgarian food store barking One is known as “The Mushrooms” and another as the “Stone Wedding”. Bulgarian food store [13]

Kardzhali Point on Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Kardzhali. Bulgarian food shop london [14]

Longdistance hiking path the Sultans Trail passes Kardzhali dam, city center and many villages. Bulgarian food shop karlovo Dams [ edit ]

The town is situated on the north and south banks of river Arda and it is bordered to the west by Kardzhali Dam, and by Studen Kladenets Dam to the east. Bulgarian food shop in london When it is at its maximum capacity, the waters of the Studen Kladenets Dam extend up to the foot of the old Veselchane bridge. Bulgarian food shop The concrete wall of the Kurdzhali Dam is located only about two kilometers (1.2 miles) upstream from that bridge. Bulgarian food seattle The banks of the river running through the town have been adjusted by the recently completed Water Mirror reservoir, creating environment for water sports and recreational activities. Bulgarian food san francisco [15]

In the 1970s, the reservoir of the Kurdzhali Dam was artificially seeded with sheatfish. Bulgarian food safety agency Nowadays, specimens that reach 100 kg (220 lb) can be found. Bulgarian food recipes In later years 45,000 carp were introduced into the dam as well. Bulgarian food prices Most recently it was artificially seeded with European perch. Bulgarian food pictures The fish were taken from the Ovcarica (Ovcharitsa) dam. Bulgarian food online usa Notable people [ edit ]

• Mehmed Talat Pasha (1872–1921), main perpetrator of the Armenian Genocide, one of the triumvirate known as the Three Pashas that de facto ruled the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. Bulgarian food online store usa [16] He was one of the leaders of Young Turks.

• Taner Sag?r (b. Bulgarian food online store 1985), Turkish world and Olympic gold medalist in weightlifting

• Halil Mutlu (b.1973), Turkish world and Olympic gold medalist in weightlifting

• Lyutvi Mestan (b. Bulgarian food online 1960), Turkish-Bulgarian politician. Bulgarian food nyc Chairman of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms from January 2013 to 24 December 2015. Bulgarian food new york [17]

• ^ “Как е получил град Кърджали името си?” (in Bulgarian). Bulgarian food near me Община Кърджали . Bulgarian food market bristol Retrieved 2008-09-14.

• ^ “Climatological Normals for Kardzhali, Bulgaria”. Bulgarian food market Climatebase . Bulgarian food los angeles Retrieved November 27, 2013.

• ^ (2 May 2001) Вестник Новинар Newspaper article in Bulgarian with photos

• ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and age by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (Bulgarian)

• ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (Bulgarian)

• ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute – Bulgarian towns in 2009

• ^ “Monastery Complex: St. Bulgarian food london John the Precursor” Kardzhali Museum of History in Bulgarian;

• ^ “The Stone Wedding near Kardzhali” All Bulgaria Virtual Guide

• ^ Sylvia Kedourie, S Tanvir Wasti (1996) Turkey: Identity, Democracy, Politics. Bulgarian food las vegas ISBN 0-7146-4718-7 p. Bulgarian food ireland 96

• ^ “Bulgaria’s DPS Party Expels Chairman Lyutvu Mestan”. Bulgarian food in usa Novinite. Bulgarian food in london 2015-12-24 . Bulgarian food in las vegas Retrieved 2015-12-24.

• Kardzhali municipality website (Bulgarian), (English), (Turkish)

• Yumer Lyutfi Turkish Cultural Organization (in Bulgarian and Turkish)

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