Prunus spinosa – wikipedia

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Sloe gin jelly dessert recipe (February 2017)

Prunus spinosa ( blackthorn, or sloe) is a species of Prunus native to Europe, western Asia, and locally in northwest Africa. Blackcurrant and sloe gin jam recipe [2] [3] It is also locally naturalised in New Zealand and eastern North America. Mary berry sloe gin recipe [3]

Sloe flower, fruit, seed and leaves as illustrated by Otto Wilhelm Thome (1885). Sloe gin fizz recipe uk Species’ scientific name [ edit ]

The specific name spinosa is a Latin term indicating the pointed and thornlike spur shoots characteristic of this species. Damson gin recipe river cottage Common names [ edit ]

The common name “blackthorn” is due to the thorny nature of the shrub, and its very dark bark.

The word commonly used for the fruit, “sloe” comes from Old English slah. Sloe gin fizz recipe grenadine The same word is noted in Middle Low German, historically spoken in Lower Saxony, Middle Dutch sleuuwe or, contracted form, sle, from which come Modern Low German words: sle, sli, and Modern Dutch slee, Old High German sleha”, “slewa, from which come Modern German Schlehe and Danish slaen.

The names related to ‘sloe’ come from the Common Germanic root * slai?won. Recipe for sloe gin using dried sloes Cf. Recipe for sloe gin delia West Slavic / Polish sliwa; plum of any species, including sloe sliwa tarnina—root present in other Slavic languages, e.g. Recipe damson gin Croatian/ Serbian sljiva / шљива. Recipe sloe gin collins Sloe-eyed [ edit ]

The expression “sloe-eyed” for a person with dark eyes comes from the fruit, and is first attested in A. Recipe sloe gin jamie oliver J. Damson gin recipe delia smith Wilson’s 1867 novel Vashti. Damson gin recipe waitrose [4] Description [ edit ]

Prunus spinosa is a large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall, with blackish bark and dense, stiff, spiny branches. Sloe gin cocktail recipes uk The leaves are oval, 2–4.5 centimetres (0.79–1.77 in) long and 1.2–2 centimetres (0.47–0.79 in) broad, with a serrated margin. Sloe gin recipe waitrose The flowers are 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) diameter, with five creamy-white petals; they are produced shortly before the leaves in early spring, and are hermaphroditic and insect-pollinated. Damson gin recipe bbc The fruit, called a “sloe”, is a drupe 10–12 millimetres (0.39–0.47 in) in diameter, black with a purple-blue waxy bloom, ripening in autumn, and harvested—traditionally, at least in the UK, in October or November after the first frosts. Kilner sloe gin recipe card Sloes are thin-fleshed, with a very strongly astringent flavour when fresh. Damson gin recipe uk [2]

Prunus spinosa is frequently confused with the related P. Recipe for making sloe gin cerasifera (cherry plum), particularly in early spring when the latter starts flowering somewhat earlier than P. Sloe gin recipe 70cl bottle spinosa. Best recipe for sloe gin [ citation needed] They can be distinguished by flower colour, creamy white in P. Recipe for sloe gin spinosa, pure white in P. Sloe gin fizz recipe cerasifera. Recipe sloe gin They can also be distinguished in winter by the more shrubby habit with stiffer, wider-angled branches of P. Best sloe gin recipe spinosa; in summer by the relatively narrower leaves of P. Recipe for sloe gin fizz spinosa, more than twice as long as broad; [2] [5] and in autumn by the colour of the fruit skin—purplish-black in P. Sloe gin recipe 70cl spinosa and yellow or red in P. Sloe berry gin recipe cerasifera.

Prunus spinosa has a tetraploid (2 n=4 x=32) set of chromosomes. Easy sloe gin recipe [6] Ecology [ edit ]

Pocket Plum gall on Blackthorn, caused by the fungus Taphrina pruni

The foliage is sometimes eaten by the larvae of Lepidoptera, including emperor moth, willow beauty, white-pinion spotted, common emerald, November moth, pale November moth, mottled pug, green pug, brimstone moth, feathered thorn, brown-tail, yellow-tail, short-cloaked moth, lesser yellow underwing, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, double square-spot, black and brown hairstreaks, hawthorn moth ( Scythropia crataegella) and the case-bearer moth Coleophora anatipennella. Sipsmith sloe gin recipe Dead blackthorn wood provides food for the caterpillars of the concealer moth Esperia oliviella.

The pocket plum gall of the fruit caused by the fungus Taphrina pruni produces an elongated and flattened gall, devoid of a stone. Recipe sloe gin fizz Uses [ edit ]

The shrub, with its savage thorns, is traditionally used in Britain and other parts of Northern Europe to make a cattle-proof hedge. Best sloe gin fizz recipe [7]

The fruit is similar to a small damson or plum, suitable for preserves, but rather tart and astringent for eating, unless it is picked after the first few days of autumn frost. The best sloe gin recipe This effect can be reproduced by freezing harvested sloes. Gordons sloe gin recipe [ citation needed]

The juice is used in the manufacture of spurious port wine, and used as an adulterant to impart roughness to genuine port. Simple sloe gin recipe [8] [9] In rural Britain, so-called sloe gin is made from the fruit, though this is not a true gin, but an infusion of gin with the fruit and sugar to produce a liqueur. Make sloe gin recipe In Navarre, Spain, a popular liqueur called pacharan is made with sloes. Sloe gin recipe gordons In France a similar liqueur called epine or epinette or troussepinette is made from the young shoots in spring. Dried sloe gin recipe In Italy, the infusion of spirit with the fruits and sugar produces a liqueur called bargnolino (or sometimes prunella) – as well as in France where it is called “prunelle” or “veine d’epine noire”. Kilner sloe gin recipe Wine made from fermented sloes is made in Britain, and in Germany and other central European countries. Sloe gin fizz cocktail recipe Sloes can also be made into jam and, used in fruit pies, and if preserved in vinegar are similar in taste to Japanese umeboshi. Sloe gin recipe sipsmith The juice of the fruits dyes linen a reddish colour that washes out to a durable pale blue. Sloe gin recipe almond [10]

Blackthorn makes an excellent fire wood that burns slowly with a good heat and little smoke. Sloe gin and tonic recipe [11] The wood takes a fine polish and is used for tool handles and canes. Quick sloe gin recipe [12] Straight blackthorn stems have traditionally been made into walking sticks or clubs (known in Ireland as a shillelagh). Sloe gin recipe uk [13] In the British Army, blackthorn sticks are carried by commissioned officers of the Royal Irish Regiment; the tradition also occurs in Irish regiments in some Commonwealth countries.

The leaves resemble tea leaves, and were used as an adulterant of tea. Sloe gin recipe river cottage [9] [12] Shlomo Yitzhaki, a Talmudist and Tanakh commentator of the High Middle Ages, writes that the sap (or gum) of P. How to make sloe gin recipe spinosa (which he refers to as the prunellier) was used as an ingredient in the making of some inks used for manuscripts. Sloe gin recipe hugh fearnley whittingstall [14]

The fruit stones have been found in Swiss lake dwellings. Sloe gin recipe jamie oliver [9] Evidence of the early use of sloes by man is found in the famous case of a 5,300-year-old human mummy discovered in 1991 in the Otztal Alps along the Austrian-Italian border (nick-named Otzi): among the stomach contents were sloes. Recipe for sloe gin river cottage [15]

A “sloe-thorn worm” used as fishing bait is mentioned in the 15th-century work, The Treatyse of Fishing with an Angle, by Juliana Berners. Sloe gin recipe bbc [16]

The flowering of the blackthorn might have been associated with the ancient Celtic celebration of Imbolc. Sloe gin fizz drink recipe [17] See also [ edit ]

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