Television in bulgaria – wikipedia

Television in Bulgaria was introduced in 1959. Bulgaria food and drink prices 2015 Although the Bulgarian media market is small, it is one of the most vibrant and highly competitive in Central and Eastern Europe. Bulgaria food and drink prices 2014 Global players such as News Corporation, Modern Times Group, Central European Media Enterprises HD Sofia TV and Fox Broadcasting Company and others operate the biggest and most popular media outlets in the country.

• 4.1 Terrestrial (free-to-air channels with national coverage)

In 1954, a team at the Machine and Electrotechnics Institute in Sofia (today called the Technical University of Sofia) started experimental television broadcasting with two antennas (one for sound and one for image) on the roof of a building near the Vasil Levski monument in the city, after having previously conducted successful cable test transmissions.

Bulgaria food and drink prices These experimental broadcasts aroused the interest of the Ministry of Communications, which decided to build a broadcasting tower in Sofia, with a state-controlled channel to air from it. Bulgaria food and drink The new channel started with an unofficial broadcast on November 1, 1959, and made its first official broadcast several days later with the live coverage of the November 7 manifestation, commemorating the Russian Revolution of 1917. Best bulgarian restaurants in sofia The experimental channel of the MEI did not air anything but a test chart on that day, although it did show a greeting to the new Sofia Television Station three times after 19:05. Best bulgarian restaurant sofia The MEI channel continued to operate until late 1960, when the team started working on the future introduction of color television.

The new channel, later referred to as “Bulgarian Television” (BT) used the OIRT standard of 625 lines and 25 frames per second. Best bulgarian restaurant in london It also used the D/K audio system, which was generally done to prevent reception of Western European stations in Eastern Bloc countries. Best bulgarian food Public attention was quickly caught by the new medium, and the number of bought and registered television sets increased gradually. What is bulgarian food like In 1960, a powerful 20 kilowatt transmitter was installed at Botev Peak, covering a large area of the country. What is bulgarian food Later, more transmitters and retranslators were placed in various cities, towns and villages around the country.

Programming was controlled and influenced by the Bulgarian Communist Party-run government in this time, as was usual in the Eastern Bloc. Typical bulgarian food The first popular program were the news, which were titled “Around the World and at Home” (“По света и у нас”, with “at home” meaning in this case “in our country”), a name which is used to this day. Traditional bulgarian restaurant sofia The news’ trademark “spinning globe” opening, first animated in 1961, is also still used (albeit highly modified). Traditional bulgarian food recipes Other popular shows started around this time were the children’s block “Good Night, Children” (“Лека нощ, деца”, still in use), television theatre programs, the various sport events which were broadcast live from around the world, and music programs like the regular New Year celebration shows. Traditional bulgarian food Foreign programming in the early years was limited to mostly Soviet Union productions, as well as some direct rebroadcasts of Soviet television programming.

In 1972, the first color broadcast was made, again of a manifestation. Traditional bulgarian easter food The SECAM color system was used, because PAL was used in most western countries (except for France, where SECAM was invented). Sunny beach bulgaria restaurant prices After several years, the entire programming was broadcast in color.

In 1974, the second channel of the Bulgarian Television was launched, with the original channel being called simply “first channel”. Sunny beach bulgaria food prices Later, they were given on-screen logos and were named ” BT1″ (“БТ 1″) and ” BT2″ (“БТ 2”). Sarmi bulgarian food In the late 1980s, some western programming was allowed, including Pink Panther cartoons and the television series La piovra ( Октопод) and Escrava Isaura ( Робинята Изаура). Sach bulgarian food Ivan Garelov’s Panorama and Kevork Kevorkyan’s Vsyaka nedelya talk shows/ news magazines were among BT’s most popular programs. Popular bulgarian food With the fall of the communist rule in 1989, the two channels changed dramatically. Mehanata bulgarian restaurant des plaines They started airing a lot of US films and TV series, one of the first being The Flintstones ( Семейство Флинтстоун). Kapama bulgarian food Their names were also changed, BT 1 became Kanal 1 (Channel1) (Канал 1) and BT 2 became Efir 2. Forte bulgarian restaurant las vegas The television organisation’s name was changed to Bulgarian National Television. Food and drink prices in sunny beach bulgaria In the 1990s, BNT changed the color television system to PAL, while keeping compatibility with older TV sets by using the DK audio standard (on such sets, only black-and-white picture is seen). Famous bulgarian footballers Efir 2’s frequencies were sold in 2000 to News Corporation for the country’s first over-the-air national channel: bTV. Famous bulgarian food In 2008, Channel 1 was again renamed to BNT 1. Buy bulgarian food online The second programme started again in 2011 under the name BNT 2. Bulgarian traditional food It merged the regional BNT programmes.

Privately owned television channels started to appear immediately after the regime change. Bulgarian street food Most were associated with a cable television ( CATV) network run by the same parent company. Bulgarian restaurants in usa Around 1994-1995 private over-the-air broadcasters also appeared, but they usually only operated within a single area. Bulgarian restaurant shanghai Nova Television and 7 Dni TV ( 7 дни, meaning 7 days) were two of the first such channels, available only in Sofia. Bulgarian restaurant penang After bTV took over Efir 2’s frequencies, another competition selected Nova Television, already popular in cable networks around the country, as the second privately owned national channel in Bulgaria. Bulgarian restaurant nyc The authorities currently refuse to license further analogue terrestrial channels (including local ones), until DVB-T broadcasting is started. Bulgarian restaurant new york Digital terrestrial television in Bulgaria [ edit ]

The Bulgarian Telecommunications Company provided one experimental DVB-T transponder in Sofia since 2004. Bulgarian restaurant los angeles ca First regular digital broadcast started on 1 March 2013, with a plan to terminate analog broadcasting on 1 September 2013. Bulgarian restaurant los angeles The Simulcast period (time between digital broadcast switch-on and analog broadcast switch-off) allowed people time to buy new integrated Digital TVs or set-top boxes. Bulgarian restaurant london Standards chosen are DVB-T and MPEG4 AVC/H.264 compression format, while DVB-T2 would not be used for now. Bulgarian restaurant las vegas nv On 30 September 2013, the analog broadcasting was officially terminated, leaving the country with 96,2% of the population DVB-T broadcasting coverage. Bulgarian restaurant las vegas [1] Cable [ edit ]

Cable television ( CATV) in Bulgaria appeared in the early 1990s, with some of the earliest networks starting operation in 1991 and 1992. Bulgarian restaurant in new york Satellite channels from other countries were one of the main features of cable television at the time and in the following years channels like Cartoon Network Europe, MTV European and Discovery Channel became very popular, as more people subscribed to the (relatively cheap) cable TV operators. Bulgarian restaurant in los angeles Many (if not all) cable companies created their own television channels, which were available only to their subscribers. Bulgarian restaurant in des plaines Due to technical limitations, it was initially difficult for such channels to be distributed to other populated places in the country, but in the late 90s several channels started to appear in the entire country using Bulgarian Telecommunications Company cables as the distribution method. Bulgarian restaurant in atlanta In 1998, M SAT (then known as Mustang Sat) became the first Bulgarian channel available via satellite. Bulgarian restaurant des plaines il The local terrestrial channel Nova Television from Sofia became available all over the country in 1999 using cable transmission. Bulgarian restaurant des plaines Around 2000-2001, some foreign broadcasters such as Discovery Channel and the Hallmark Channel (now DIVA Universal started Bulgarian translations of their channels using DVB subtitles. Bulgarian restaurant chicago Currently, most cable networks carry a large selection of local and foreign channels, both translated and untranslated. Bulgarian restaurant boston Translation of foreign networks has since expanded from subtitles to voice dubbing, with channels like AXN and Jetix (formerly Fox Kids) (now Disney Channel) having a Bulgarian audio track.

Analogue broadcasting is still used by operators, and it was the only method used before 2004-2005. Bulgarian restaurant atlanta Since then, many of them started lowering the number of analogue channels in order to launch DVB-C transponders. Bulgarian restaurant However, because the monthly fee for the digital packages is higher, some subscribers choose to continue using the analogue service, although with less channels than before. Bulgarian presidential elections 2016 Currently, the biggest cable operators provide DVB-C channels in the major cities and towns. Bulgarian national food As of 2009, analogue channels are usually the only service available in villages. Bulgarian made cars Satellite [ edit ]

Satellite channels from Bulgaria appeared prior to the existence of a DTH operator. Bulgarian guns The first channel to start broadcasting via satellite was MSAT (then known as Mustang Sat, after parent company Mustang) in 1998, operating from Varna. Bulgarian guitar Before this, the Mustang channel was distributed through cable lines, maintained by the Bulgarian Telecommunications Company. Bulgarian food uk online The following year, the Bulgarian National Television launched a special channel, TV Bulgaria (now known as BNT World), dedicated to Bulgarians living abroad. Bulgarian food uk Several other channels followed, including the musical channel MM.

Then, in 2003, Bulsatcom became the first Bulgarian DTH operator, offering initially a limited amount of channels on Hellas Sat 2. Bulgarian food store online [2] The next year, ITV Partner (now Satellite BG) was launched as a DTH service by Interactive Technologies PLC, broadcasting on Eutelsat W2. Bulgarian food store barking [3] Both supply DVB-S satellite television in Bulgaria and most European countries, with some of the TV channels using the two DTH operators as their main distribution medium (so that the channels are easily available to cable operators without the use of long-distance wires). Bulgarian food store The second half of 2010 saw the long anticipated launch of the third Bulgarian DTH provider, operated by Bulgaria’s Vivacom. Bulgarian food shop london There is also a small package operated by Telenor on Thor 3, which has for a long time distributed certain Bulgarian TV and radio channels.

Generally, Bulgarian television companies do not require a high fee for their channels’ availability to viewers (some have no fee at all), but because of licensing restrictions of foreign programming, most satellite channels are encrypted, so that distribution outside Bulgaria can be limited. Bulgarian food shop karlovo Free-to-view channels carry less (or none at all) such programming, airing for example music or locally produced programs only. Bulgarian food shop in london Currently, most channels that broadcast nationally are available via satellite. Bulgarian food shop List of television channels [ edit ] List of television channels in Bulgaria TV channel

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