Top ten sustainable fish swaps

The Sustainable Fish City: Top Ten Swaps have been devised with advice from expert organisations that contribute to the Sustainable Fish City working party (see the About page for more information). Cooking salmon with skin on The top swaps are now also available as pdf downloads:

We have also included tips on where to buy more sustainable alternatives, from top supermarkets that score consistently highly in the Marine Conservation Society sustainable fish supermarket survey. How to cook salmon with skin on Click on the name of a fish below to find out more

Please feel free to use this information elsewhere, but if you do so, please let us know ( and please include a link to Sustainable Fish City:

There are lots of different species of tuna, a few of which are critically endangered and some of which are caught in ways that damage other marine life.

Grilling salmon with skin on Top swaps for tuna

Try Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified albacore tuna – hand-caught in the Pacific Ocean. Cook salmon fillet oven Albacore has very light, firm and delicately flavoured meat, and is available canned and in jars. Whole salmon fillet recipes Most canned tuna is skipjack, the most resilient species of tuna, with all stocks currently healthy – choose pole and line, handline or troll caught.

Salmon are sometimes farmed very intensively, leading to serious environmental problems. Cooking frozen salmon fillets Also, farmed salmon have to be fed large quantities of feed made of wild-caught fish, and the fish used to make the feed can have conservation issues of its own. Baked whole salmon fillet Top swaps for salmon

Why not try MSC certified Alaskan wild salmon. Recipe for baked salmon fillet It’s much leaner than farmed salmon, so be careful not to overcook it. Cooking salmon fillets in oven Alternatively, look out for certified organic farmed salmon or RSPCA assured farmed salmon.

Our love of this chip-shop favourite has led some haddock stocks to be over-fished. Cooking salmon steaks in oven And haddock often swim with cod (see below), meaning that haddock fisheries may catch both fish. How to cook a salmon steak Top swaps

Look out for MSC certified haddock from Scotland or Norway, or try a different firm, white fish such as coley (often sold as saithe), which has an undeserved reputation as something you feed to the cat but, when spanking fresh, is delicious.

Some stocks of cod are seriously overfished. Baking a salmon fillet Top swaps for cod

Try UK-landed pollack, coley, hake or whiting, or MSC certified Alaskan pollock. Recipe for baked salmon fillets MSC certified cod is available from the Arctic, Atlantic & Pacific. Baking salmon fillets in oven If only cod will do, go for MSC certified cod from the Arctic, Atlantic & Pacific oceans.

King or tiger prawns are usually farmed in the tropics, often very intensively and in ways which can seriously damage local communities and the environment. Baked salmon fillets The fish used as feed has been linked to slavery. Bake salmon fillet in oven Top swaps for prawns

Choose organic tiger prawns, or for a more local option, go for Scottish langoustines (also known as Dublin Bay prawns or scampi). How to bake salmon fillet Or look out for the smaller MSC-certified cold-water prawns from Canada. How long to bake salmon fillet Like prawns, crab is as good with strong flavours like chilli as it is plain with lemon and mayonnaise.

Left to their own devices, plaice can live for 50 years or more. How to bake a salmon fillet They grow and reproduce very slowly, making them vulnerable to overfishing. How to bake salmon fillet in oven Many UK populations are in serious decline Top swaps for plaice

More sustainable flatfish choices include flounder, dab or lemon sole (ask for fish caught by otter trawl or seine net). How long to bake a salmon fillet Or go for MSC certified plaice, or MSC certified Dover sole.

Big, slow-growing ‘game’ fish like swordfish are particularly vulnerable to over-fishing. How long bake salmon fillet Top swaps for swordfish

Nothing similar fits the sustainability bill, but jig-caught squid, herring and sardines stands up to strong flavours and is delicious grilled or on the barbeque. Baked salmon fillet Where you can buy top swaps for swordfish

Scientists recommend reducing fishing UK stocks by 80%. How to bake salmon fillets Fish feed is a concern for farmed seabass. Baked salmon fillet in foil Top swaps for sea bass

Organically farmed sea bass from Wales, or line-caught black bream, porgy or seabream. Baked salmon fillet recipes ASC-Certified pangasius (often sold as ‘basa’) is a good alternative.

Sadly, the once “common” skate is now critically endangered, and several other species of skates and rays are overfished. Baked salmon fillets recipes Top swaps

Try an under-loved UK-landed species such as dab, pouting or sole

Halibut is a Slow-growing, long-lived species. Easy baked salmon fillet recipes Atlantic stocks are considered endangered Top swaps

MSC certified Pacific halibut, Scottish farmed halibut or organic gilthead bream.

Taking a sustainable approach to fish is critical to the food security of our city. Calories in baked salmon fillet It is shocking to think that within our lifetimes, we could lose some of our favourite species from the seas forever.

Sustainable Fish Cities is an initiative conceived and supported by an alliance of not-for-profit organisations already working on sustainable seafood issues. How long do you bake salmon fillets We want to create the first ever Sustainable Fish City, or hopefully Cities – to show what can be done if people and organisations make a concerted effort to change their buying habits.

Sustainable Fish Cities is the featured campaign of the Sustainable Food Cities network this year.

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