What are nitrates_ reasons to avoid nitrates + better alternatives – dr. axe

You may have heard of nitrates, but do you really know what they are? If you said that they help keep processed deli meats and hot dogs full of color, you would be correct. Apple peel nutrition But they also help prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Actually, there are nitrates and nitrites; what’s the difference? There is a bit of chemistry we need to delve into about these two compounds.


Apple pie nutrition facts Each c onsists of a single nitrogen atom that’s bonded to a number of oxygen atoms. Apple protein It looks like this:

But nitrates have three oxygen atoms, while nitrites have two oxygen atoms. Apple protein content So what does that mean? Well, it seems that nitrates are harmless, but when they convert to nitrites, that’s when it gets tricky — sort of. Apple protein shake When nitrates hit the tongue, the bacteria in the mouth or the enzymes in the body turn the nitrates into nitrites. Apple skin nutrition Nitrites can be good when they form nitric oxide, but when they form nitrosamines, it can have a negative effect and may be where cancer-causing cells occur.

So if you’re going to eat certain foods, the nitrites are actually good because they prevent bacteria from forming, such as listeria and botulinum, but too much of a good thing can be an issue. Apple tablet price Ultimately, the use of nitrites is how cured meat stays pink or red, because otherwise it would turn brown and you probably would not purchase it at the grocery store. Apple tablet price in dubai The nitrites convert to nitric oxide. Apple tablet price in india The nitric oxide creates a chemical reaction with the proteins found in the meat, and this reaction is what changes the color. Apple tablet price in pakistan ( 1)

Now, this may still be a bit confusing. Apple tablet price in saudi arabia Let’s keep going and talk a bit more about nitrates. Apple tablet price philippines A nitrate naturally occurs in fruits, vegetables and grains, and this natural occurrence prevents the formation of nitrosamines, the harmful part of this equation . Apple tablet with keyboard Nitrosamines are used during the manufacturing of cosmetics, pesticides, tobacco products and rubber products, such as balloons and condoms. Apple tablets at walmart ( 2) However, in regard to food, more is picked up from the air and the nitrate-filled fertilizers found in the soil. Apple tablets on sale N itrosamines also develop when nitrites end up the acidic stomach. Applebee’s nutrition 2016 High temperatures and frying increase the the potential for nitrosamines.

It’s also a salt of nitric acid. Applebees nutrition facts As noted above, it’s what’s added to cured meats, such as salami, pepperoni and bacon, as a color preservative and to stop the growth of harmful microorganisms. Applesauce nutrition facts The question still lies in the safety. Best apples If it’s natural in some foods, it can’t be all that bad, right? Well, this is true in some cases. Best apples for apple crisp Those fruits, vegetables and grains that are naturally rich in nitrates can actually provide many health benefits, in particular the relaxation of blood vessels and improved blood flow. Best apples for apple pie In fact, it’s important that our bodies actually produce nitrites. Best apples for apple pie martha stewart Regardless, the way that these naturally occurring nitrates are not harmful to you is because the vitamin C in fruits and vegetables naturally prevents nitrosamines from forming, and this is one reason that it’s better to eat fruits and vegetables than cured meats.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cured meats only account for about 6 percent of our dietary nitrate intake. Best apples for baking The rest comes from veggies and our drinking water. Best apples for cider Vegetables, such as celery, leafy greens, beets, parsley, leeks, endive, cabbage and fennel contain the most, but all plants contain some nitrates. Best apples for cooking ( 3)

Though nitrates and nitrites can be very problematic, nitrates are often prescribed for some people that have a heart condition. Best apples for juicing This is because nitrates can relax blood vessels, therefore relieving chest pain. Best apples for sauce The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute states that nitroglycerin is the most commonly used nitrate for this condition. Best apples to eat ( 4)

The debate is still out there in terms of just how risky nitrates and nitrites are for the body. Best apples to make applesauce As I pointed out, it’s really the formation of nitrosamines that we want to avoid. Braggs apple cider vinegar nutrition facts But there are a few reasons to keep an eye on this and avoid nitrates and nitrites in processed foods and meats. Calories apple cider vinegar ( 5)

I noted above that the nitrosamines are really the problem since when they form in the body, they can cause cancer. Calories apple fritter Studies have shown that there could be a relationship between nitrates found in cured meats and cancer, which makes sense since we know cancer is linked to diet.

Research has been conducted to better understand the relationship between eating processed foods and pancreatic cancer. Calories in 1 2 apple In studies published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute and by Cancer Treatment Centers of America, it appeared that the strongest association was with those who have a daily intake of processed meat. Calories in 1 apple These subjects had a 50 percent to 68 percent increased risk, whereas there were no “associations of pancreatic cancer risk with intake of [fresh] poultry, fish, dairy products and eggs.” ( 6, 7)

Harvard recently reported that the World Health Organization states “ meat processing such as curing, by adding nitrates or nitrites, or smoking can lead to the formation of potentially cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals such as N-nitroso-compounds (NOC) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH).” The report also says that more than 34,000 cancer deaths annually are caused by high processed meat consumption. Calories in 1 green apple ( 8)

However, it’s been reported that the average daily intake of “volatile nitrosamines” from foods is about one microgram per person, which is probably not enough to do major harm. Calories in a granny smith apple ( 9)

While more studies are needed, there seems to be a link to an increased risk of various cancers. Calories in a green apple The Linus Pauling Institute states that nitrates may be associated with the development of brain tumors, leukemia, and nose and throat tumors. Calories in a small apple The Environmental Working Group (EWG) reports that this, along with other food additives, may be linked to stomach cancers. Calories in an apple ( 10)

It’s possible that nitrates, upon forming nitrosamines, may affect brain health, contributing to Alzheimer’s. Calories in an apple fritter Adding high-fat foods to the diet makes things worse.

Experiments were conducted showing that nitrosamines may cause diabetes as well as fatty liver disease and obesity. Calories in apple butter These studies indicate that deficits in motor function, spatial learning and the development of insulin resistance were evident. Calories in apple cider vinegar The study concluded that environmental and food contaminant exposures to nitrosamines may result in degenerative brain function and insulin resistance, suggesting that by better detecting human exposure to nitrosamines, it’s possible to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s and diabetes. Calories in apple juice ( 11)

Too many nitrates or nitrites can cause a condition known as methemoglobinemia or “blue baby syndrome.” Methemoglobinemia is a blood disorder where an abnormal amount of methemoglobin is produced in the body, which is a form of hemoglobin — the protein found in red blood cells that carries and distributes oxygen throughout the body. Calories in apple pie For anyone who has methemoglobinemia, it’s difficult for the hemoglobin to do its job of releasing the oxygen effectively.

Babies can obtain this condition from contaminated drinking water as well as foods that are high in nitrates, such as spinach, beets and carrots. Calories in apple pie slice According to an article published by the U.S. Calories in applesauce National Library of Medicine, it’s best for children under the age of 6 to avoid these foods. Calories in green apple ( 12)

Processed meats include any meat that has been smoked, cured, salted and/or contains added preservatives. Calories in medium apple Typically, this includes ham, bacon, pastrami, salami, hot dogs and sausages. Calories in one apple If you must consume these processed meats, look for uncured or nitrate-free labeling. Calories in one large apple Ham is lower than most processed meats with 0.90 milligrams per 100 grams of meat.

My suggestion is to avoid these meats altogether and instead, choose organic, freshly prepared meats, such as grass-fed beef, organic, free-range chicken and wild-caught fish.

Have plenty of organic fruits and vegetables as well, which contain antioxidants and phytonutrients that can help prevent inflammation and reduce the risk of cancer. Calories in red apple ( 13) The EWG website offers a free guide here to nitrate-free foods to better help you make choices.

I know it’s not always convenient or accessible, but eating organic can help reduce the consumption of pesticides, which just adds to the complexity of cancer-causing chemicals. Calories in red delicious apple Nitrates are added to fertilizers, which is one way that fruits and vegetables obtain nitrates. Calories in red delicious apple large Obtaining nitrates from your vegetables should not be a problem due to the vitamin C that they contain because vitamin C prevents those nitrosamines from forming , but buying organic is the way to go.

Vegetables that are lower in nitrates than most include: ( 14)

Like vegetables, some fruits contain more nitrates than others. Calories in redd’s apple ale Watermelon is typically low in nitrates, while apple sauce and oranges contained less than 1 milligram of nitrates per 100 grams of fruit. Calories in small apple Bananas contained 4.5 milligrams per 100 grams of fruit.

Nitrates are also found in drinking water, according to the CDC. Calories in small green apple Though your public water system is responsible for making sure you know if the water has been contaminated or does not meet United States Environmental Protection Agency or state standards, using water filters can help prevent the consumption of bacteria and contaminants found in water. Carbs in red delicious apple ( 15)

The World Health Organization shares that you can get acute poisoning from nitrates, but it takes a lot for them to be toxic. Carbs in redd’s apple ale It would likely require ingestion of about 15 grams of the sodium nitrate.

If you do get poisoning from nitrates, some symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, confusion, coma and convulsions. Cnn nutrition apple cider vinegar It can also cause headache, flushing, dizziness, hypotension and fainting. Custard apple health benefits Methaemoglobinaemia can develop. Custard apple nutritional value If you suspect poisoning, see a doctor immediately. Gala apple nutrition facts ( 16) Though more studies are needed, as the risks are still in question. Granny smith apple nutrition facts ( 17)

Nitrates and nitrites are not necessarily bad. Green apple health benefits It’s more about the source. Green apple nutrition Eating too many processed foods is clearly a poor choice, and that is where you can find the forms of nitrates that are not as good for the body as the naturally occurring nitrates found in vegetables and water.

Eating organic is always the best choice when possible. Green apple nutrition facts Washing vegetables, when not organic, is helpful. Green apple nutrition info If you choose to eat meat, choose wisely. Health benefits apple cider vinegar Grass-fed beef, organic, free-roaming chicken and wild-caught fish are my go-to meats. Health benefits of an apple Additionally, I suggest having smaller portions of meat. Health benefits of apple cider vinegar A common trick is to use your meat more like a condiment, and have more vegetables on your plate. Health benefits of apple cider vinegar and baking soda Read Next: Beet Benefits, Interesting Facts, & Recipes

Dr. Health benefits of apple cider vinegar and honey Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world…Sign up to get VIP access to his eBooks and valuable weekly health tips for FREE! Get FREE Access!

• https://authoritynutrition.com/are-nitrates-and-nitrites-harmful/

• http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174007001994

• http://www.cbc.ca/natureofthings/features/background-nitrosamines

• http://www.prevention.com/food/healthy-eating-tips/nitrites-and-nitrates

• https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/hearttruth/downloads/html/hhh/medications.htm

• http://www.cancercenter.com/discussions/blog/the-link-between-sodium-nitrites-and-cancer/

• https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/2015/11/03/report-says-eating-processed-meat-is-carcinogenic-understanding-the-findings/

• http://www.ewg.org/research/ewg-s-dirty-dozen-guide-food-additives/food-additives-linked-health-risks

• http://www.healthychild.org/how-to-avoid-added-nitrates-and-nitrites-in-your-food/

• http://www.cancercenter.com/discussions/blog/the-link-between-sodium-nitrites-and-cancer/

• http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/sodium-nitrate/faq-20057848

• http://www.livestrong.com/article/329160-list-of-nitrate-free-foods/

• https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/public/drinking-water-faq.html

• http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/training_poisons/basic_analytical_tox/en/index10.html

This entry was posted in Articles, Brain Health, Cancer, Toxicity and tagged ammonium nitrate, amyl nitrate, barium nitrate, calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, nitrate, nitrates, nitrates in urine, nitrite, no3, potassium nitrate, silver nitrate, sodium nitrate. Health benefits of apple cider vinegar and water Bookmark the permalink.

The information in our articles are NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and are not intended as medical advice.

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